Some holiday gifts you provide to members of your family, employees, and others may also yield tax benefits. Here are some examples:
Electric Car Credit
If you purchase a new electric car as a holiday gift for your spouse or even yourself, you will find that most come not only with a big red bow but also with a tax credit of up to $7,500. To qualify to claim the credit on your 2021 tax return, the vehicle will have to be “placed in service” by December 31, 2021. So merely ordering the vehicle, even if you pay for it when the order is placed, won’t be enough. You will need to receive the car and start using it before New Year’s Day. But if the vehicle is back-ordered and doesn’t arrive until next year, you would be able to claim the credit on your 2022 tax return.
This credit is nonrefundable, meaning it can only offset your actual tax liability and that any excess credit over your tax liability will be lost. There is, however, an exception when the electric vehicle is used partially for business, in which case the portion of the credit allocated to business use will become a general business credit that is carried back one year and then carried forward.
Solar Electric Credit
Suppose you and your spouse or another resident of the home decide to make a gift of a home solar system to each other. In that case, you will qualify for a non-refundable tax credit equal to 26% of the home’s solar property cost. If your tax liability is less than the credit, the excess credit can be carried over to a future year. The solar credit is available to any home resident who purchases the solar system, even if they do not have an ownership interest in the home. Example: A mother and son live together in a home owned by the mother. The son purchases a solar system for their home; as a result, the son gets the tax credit since he resides in the home. Caution: To claim a credit for the system’s costs on your 2021 return, the installation must be completed by December 31, 2021.
Both the electric car credit and the home solar electric credit are included in the Build Back Better Act pending in Congress, which will alter these two credits by providing increased tax benefits. Therefore, it could be appropriate to delay the purchases until 2022. Please call this office in advance of purchasing either for further guidance.
College Student Supplies
Suppose you have a spouse or child attending college. In that case, the costs of certain course materials qualify for the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC) if the course materials are needed as a condition of enrollment and attendance. Even if too large to be a holiday stocking-stuffer, a computer required as a condition of enrollment and attendance at college would likely be appreciated by the student. The computer’s cost would qualify for the AOTC of the individual who claims the student as a dependent. Other requirements apply to claim the AOTC; check with this office for details.
Suppose your spouse is self-employed and you purchase tools or electronics used in the spouse’s business. In that case, the costs of these items will qualify as a business tax deduction on the return for the year the equipment is put into service.
Of course, contributions to qualified charitable organizations can be deducted, provided you itemize your deductions. There is an exception to the requirement to deduct charitable contributions: for 2021, up to $300 ($600 if you file jointly with your spouse) is allowed as a tax deduction even when you don’t itemize. However, this deduction is only available for cash contributions, including those made by check or credit card, and does not apply for contributions to donor-advised funds and private foundations.
Suppose you are 72 or older and have not taken your required minimum distribution (RMD) from your IRA account for 2021. In that case, you might consider making direct transfers to the charities of your liking, thereby satisfying your RMD requirement while avoiding taxation of the distribution. Contact your IRA custodian or trustee to arrange the transfer.
Some words of caution about charitable contributions during the holiday season: When you are shopping at a mall and drop cash into the holiday kettle, you won’t get a receipt for your contribution, and a cash charitable contribution cannot be claimed as an itemized deduction without documentation. The same goes for buying and giving new, unused toys to what have become very popular holiday-toys-for-kids drives. Tip: Save the purchase receipt for the toys and request verification of the contribution from the sponsoring organization. Suppose the drop point is unmanned, and it is impossible to obtain a contribution verification from the organization. In that case, the IRS allows a deduction of up to $249, provided you document the purchase of what you’ve donated.
Also, during the holiday season, all scammers climb out from under their rocks and do their best to trick you out of your well-intended contribution dollars. Be cautious, and make sure your contributions are going to legitimate charities.
It is common practice this time of year for employers to give employees gifts. If the gift is infrequently offered and has a fair market value so low that it is impractical and unreasonable to account for it, the gift’s value would be treated as a de minimis fringe benefit. As such, it would be tax-free to the employee and tax-deductible by the employer.
Regardless of the amount, a gift of cash from the employer to the employee is considered additional wages and is subject to employment taxes (FICA) and withholding taxes. Caution: If the gift recipient is a W-2 employee, the employer may not issue them a Form 1099-NEC or 1099-MISC for a holiday gift of cash; the amount must be treated as W-2 income. Suppose an employer gives workers gift certificates, debit cards, or similar items that are convertible to cash. In that case, their value is considered additional wages, regardless of the amount. However, if the gift is a coupon that is nontransferable and convertible only to a turkey, ham, gift basket, or the like at a specified establishment, then the gift coupon would not be treated as a cash equivalent.
If you have questions related to the tax benefits associated with holiday gifts, please give this office a call.